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Location: /Squadron Patches/USN NAVY Squadrons

WWII Patch, USN, USS Hornet CV-8 #1

WWII Patch, USN, USS Hornet  CV-8 #1

Product Information
WWII US Navy Squadron Patch
USS Hornet (CV-8) (CV-12)
Hornet Air Group

Bombing Squadron Eight (VB-8), USS Hornet
Fighting Squadron
Eight (VF-8), USS Hornet
Scouting Squadron
Eight (VS-8), USS Hornet
Torpedo Squadron
Eight (VT-8), USS Hornet
Battle of Midway, Leyte Gulf,
Marianas, Santa Cruz Islands
5 1/8 inches


Battle of Midway, 4-7 June 1942
The Battle of Midway (Japanese: ミッドウェー海戦) is widely regarded as the most important naval battle of the Pacific Campaign of World War II.  Between 4 and 7 June 1942, approximately one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea and six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States Navy decisively defeated an Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) attack against Midway Atoll, inflicting irreparable damage on the Japanese.

The Japanese operation, like the earlier attack on Pearl Harbor, aimed to eliminate the United States as a strategic power in the Pacific, thereby giving Japan a free hand in establishing its Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. The Japanese hoped that another demoralizing defeat would force the U.S. to capitulate in the Pacific War.

The Japanese plan was to lure the United States' few remaining aircraft carriers into a trap. The Japanese also intended to occupy Midway Atoll as part of an overall plan to extend their defensive perimeter in response to the Doolittle Raid. This operation was considered preparatory for further attacks against Fiji and Samoa.

The plan was handicapped by faulty Japanese assumptions of American reaction and poor initial dispositions. Most significantly, American codebreakers were able to determine the date and location of the attack, enabling the forewarned U.S. Navy to set up an ambush of its own. Four Japanese aircraft carriers and a heavy cruiser were sunk in exchange for one American aircraft carrier and a destroyer. The heavy losses in carriers and veteran aircrews permanently weakened the Imperial Japanese Navy. Japan's shipbuilding and pilot training programs were unable to keep pace in replacing their losses while the U.S. steadily increased output in both areas.

Composition of U. S. Forces
United States Pacific Fleet and Pacific Ocean Areas  -  Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, USN, Commander in Chief
Carrier Striking Force  -  Rear Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher, USN
Task Force 16 (TF 16)  -  Rear Admiral Raymond A. Spruance, USN
Task Group 16.5 (TG 16.5)
Carrier Group  -  Capt. George D. Murray, USN
USS Hornet (CV-8)  -  Capt. Marc A. Mitscher, USN
USS Hornet Air Group - Lt. Comdr. Stanhope C. Ring, USN
Fighting Squadron 8 (VF-8) Lt. Comdr. Samuel G. Mitchell, USN  -  27 Grumman F4F-4 (Wildcat)
Bombing Squadron 8 (VB-8) Lt. Comdr. Robert R. Johnson, USN  -  19 Douglas SBD-2 and SBD-3 (Dauntless)
Scouting Squadron 8 (VS-8) Lt. Comdr. Walter F. Rodee, USN  -  18 Douglas SBD-1, SBD-2, and SBD-3 (Dauntless)
Torpedo Squadron 8 (VT-8) Lt. Comdr. John C. Waldron, USN  -  15 Douglas TBD-1 (Devastator)



ACES
Squadron # "Nickname" Start End A/C Carrier/Base Top Ace (kills w/ sqn) CO (kills w/ sqn) Kills #
Aces
VF-2   "Rippers" Mar 1944 Sep 1944 F6F Hornet CV-12 Cdr. William A. Dean (10) 240   28
VF-8 Dec 1941 Jun 1942 F4F Hornet CV-8 Merrill Cook (2) Sam Mitchell 5   0
VF-11 "Sundowners" Oct 1944 Jan 1945 F6F Hornet CV-12 Charles Stimpson (10) E. G. Fairfax 106   5
VF-72 Jul 1942 Oct 1942 F4F Hornet CV-8 George Wrenn (5.25) Henry Sanchez 38   1

Citations For Award of The Navy Cross
REISERER, RUSSELL LAWRENCE
Synopsis: The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Russell Lawrence Reiserer, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWO (VF-2), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 19 October 1944, while deployed over the Marianas. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 22, 1919 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Redwood City, California

RING, STANHOPE COTTON
Citation: The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stanhope Cotton Ring, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane and Group Commander of Air Group EIGHT (AG-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the Battle of Midway on 6 June 1942. Commander Ring led his carrier air group against enemy cruisers and destroyers, coolly and methodically, in the face of heavy antiaircraft fire. Without regard for his own safety, he drove home a successful attack on the enemy carriers. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 308 (November 1942)
Born: October 13, 1902 at Norfolk, Virginia
Home Town: Coronado, California

RODEE, WALTER FRED
Synopsis: The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter Fred Rodee, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane and Group Commander of Air Group EIGHT (AG-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the engagement with enemy Japanese naval and air forces near the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 29, 1904 at Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Home Town: Tucson, Arizona

ROMBERGER, WILLIAM MELVIN
Synopsis: The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Melvin Romberger, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SEVENTEEN (VT-17), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 16, 1916 at Elizabethville, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Sunbury, Pennsylvania

RUSSELL, RICHARD WINSLOW
Synopsis: The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Winslow Russell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron ELEVEN (VT-11), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 7, 1917 at Somerville, Massachusetts
Home Town: Medford, Massachusetts

Price: $210.00 $175.00


Product Code: PatchUSN.008.ussHornetCV8.v1
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