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WWII Patch, USN, MTBron-17 Motor Torpedo Boat SQ 17 MTBRon 17

WWII Patch, USN, MTBron-17 Motor Torpedo Boat SQ 17 MTBRon 17

Product Information
WWII US Navy Squadron Patch
Motor Torpedo Boat (MTB) Squadron 17
Hawaii, Marshall Islands, Southwest Pacific, Philippines, Mindoro
5.5 inches

Commissioned: 29,March 1943 - LCDR Russell B. Allen
Decommissioned: 19,November 1945 - LT James F. Hill USNR
PT Boats: Higgins 78' PT's 71,72, 225-234
Assigned To: Hawaii, the Marshalls and then Southwest Pacific
Postscript: The squadron was first assigned to the Hawaiian Sea Frontier, then transferred to the Southwest Pacific were it saw action in the Philippine waters. PT's 227 and 230 of Squadron 13 was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation for action at Mindoro from Dec 15 to 19, 1944.

Motor Torpedo Boat Squadrons

Motor Torpedo Boat (MTB) was the name given to fast torpedo boats by the United States Navy, the Royal Canadian Navy and the Royal Navy. MTBs were designed for high speed and maneuverability on the water to get close enough to launch their torpedoes at enemy vessels. With next to no armor, the boats relied upon their agility at high speed to avoid being hit by gunfire from bigger ships. The capitalized term is abbreviated to MTB. During World War II the US Navy boats were usually called by their hull classification symbol of "PT" (from Patrol, Torpedo) though the class type was still "motor torpedo boat". PT Boats were a variety of motor torpedo boat (hull classification symbol "PT", for "Patrol Torpedo"), a small, fast vessel used by the United States Navy in World War II  to attack larger surface ships. The PT boat squadrons were nicknamed "the mosquito fleet". The Japanese called them "Devil Boats."  During World War II, American PT boats engaged enemy destroyers and numerous other surface craft, ranging from small boats to large supply ships. PT boats also operated as gunboats against enemy small craft, such as armored barges used by the Japanese forces for inter-island transport.  in 1940 the U.S. Navy decided to organize PT Boats into squadrons and commission a squadron rather then individual boats. Because of the expected quantity of PT Boats, it would be more efficient to place boats into service in a commissioned squadron rather than commissioning hundreds of boats.  The Navy's official squadron designation was Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron, however it was regularly shorten to a nickname of RON. A total of 45 Rons were commissioned, but two of them never made it to a combat area prior to the end of the war (RONS 41 and 42). Another three squadrons were decommissioned for transfer to USSR on lend-lease (RONS 43, 44, 45). Also notable, three RONS were shipped to the Philippines but arrived too late to participate in any combat action (RONS 38, 39, 40).  Squadrons were generally made comprised of 12 to 16 boats each, but a few were larger. Also squadron would contain all the same type of boats, such as all Elcos or Higgins, although there were some squadrons made up of mix and match boats including 77' Elcos, 80' Elcos and 78' Higgins. Squadrons comprised of Huckins boat were few, manly due to the limited number of Huckins boats manufactured. Two RONS were made up of Huckins (RON 14 and 260, and were based in the rear. RON 4, the Motor Torpedo Boat Training Center squadron had the four Huckins of RON 14 transferred to in September 1944.

The original pre-World War I torpedo boats were designed with "displacement" hulls. They displaced up to 300 tons and the top speed was 25 to 27 kn (29 to 31 mph; 46 to 50 km/h). The PT boats used in World War II were built using the planing-type hull form developed for racing boats. They were much smaller (30-75 tons) and faster (35-40 knots). Both types were designed to strike at larger warships with torpedoes, using relatively high speed to get close, and small size to avoid being spotted and hit by gunfire. They were also much less expensive than large warships. However, the motor torpedo boat was much faster, smaller, and cheaper than the conventional torpedo boat. The design was also exported as an unarmed air-sea rescue launch for use by the South African Navy. The British and Italian navies started developing such vessels in the early 20th century, shortly before the beginning of World War I. Italian MTBs were called MAS boats and were comparatively small, at 20-30 tons displacement. MAS 15 was the only Motor Torpedo boat in history to sink a battleship, the Austrian Szent István in 1918. British torpedo boats of the First World War were small at only around 15 tons and were known as Coastal Motor Boats. In the Second World War, British MTBs were operated by Royal Navy Coastal Forces. A similar size boat with a different role of the Second World War was the BPB 63 ft High Speed Launch used by the RAF. The last MTBs for the Royal Navy were the two Brave class fast patrol boats of 1958 which were capable of 50 knots (93 km/h). After the end of World War II, a number of the Royal Navy's MTBs were stripped and the empty hulls sold on for use as houseboats. German motor torpedo boats of World War II were called S-Boote (Schnellboote German for "fast boats") by the Kriegsmarine and E-boats by the allies. Italian MTBs of this period were known as "Motoscafo Armato Silurante (MAS) translating as "torpedo armed motorboats". Soviet MTBs (including period of World War II) were known as Торпедный катер translating as "torpedo cutter".

PT Boat Manufacturers
- The Elco Naval Division boats were the largest in size of the three types of PT boats built for the Navy used during World War II. By war's end, more of the Elco 80-foot boats were built than any other type of motor torpedo boat (326 of their 80-foot boats were built). The 80-foot (24.4 m) wooden-hulled craft were classified as boats in comparison with much larger steel-hulled destroyers, but were comparable in size to many wooden sailing ships in history. They had a 20 ft 8 in (6.3 m) beam. Though often said to be made of plywood, they were actually made of two diagonal layered 1-inch thick mahogany planks, with a glue-impregnated layer of canvas in between. Holding all this together were thousands of bronze screws and copper rivets. This type of construction made it possible that damage to the wooden hulls of these boats could be easily repaired at the front lines by base force personnel. Five Elco Boats were manufactured in knock-down kit form and sent to Long Beach Boatworks for assembly on the West Coast as part of an experiment and as a proof of concept.

Higgins - Higgins produced 199 78-foot boats. The Higgins boats, built by Higgins Industries in New Orleans, Louisiana, were 78-foot (24 m) boats of the PT-71 or PT-235 or PT-625 classes. The Higgins boats had the same beam, full load displacement, engine, generators, shaft power, trial speed, armament, and crew accommodation as the 80-foot (24 m) Elco boats. Many Higgins boats were sent to the Soviet Union and Great Britain at the beginning of the war, so many of the lower-numbered squadrons in the U.S. Navy were made up exclusively of Elcos. The first Higgins boats for the U.S. Navy were used in the Battle for the Aleutian Islands (Attu and Kiska) as part of Squadron 13 and 16, and others (RON15 and RON22) in the Mediterranean against the Germans. They were also used during the D-Day landings on 6 June 1944. A somewhat odd footnote is that even though only half as many Higgins boats were produced, far more survive (seven hulls, 3 of which have been restored to their World War II configuration), than of the more numerous Elco boats, thus seemingly demonstrating the superior construction of the Higgins boat. Of the remaining Elco boats only three hulls (one restored) are known to exist at this time.

Huckins - Huckins received the smallest contract: 18 boats by the end of the war, none of which saw combat. They were assigned to home defense squadrons in the Panama Canal Zone, Miami, Florida and in Hawaii at Pearl Harbor. Huckins was a tiny yacht-building company in Jacksonville, Florida and was unable to build the number of boats needed by the Navy. Additionally, the Navy was unhappy with the Huckins design for its poor seakeeping abilities, and for this reason, it was relegated to non-combat assignments during the war. Huckins built a total of 17 PT-95 class 78 foot boats during the war. Subsequently, the Elco 80-foot and the Higgins 78-foot boats became the standard American motor torpedo boats of World War II.

Vosper and other types of PT Boats
  - During World War II, the Vosper Boat Company of Great Britain arranged for several boatyards in the U.S. to build British-designed 70-foot (21 m)-foot motor torpedo boats under license to help the war effort. 146, armed with 18-in (457 mm) torpedoes, were built for Lend Lease, exported to Allied powers such as Canada, England, Norway, and the Soviet Union. They were never used by the U.S. Navy, and only about 50 were used by the Royal Navy, and most were passed to other countries. They were constructed by Annapolis Boat Yards and Miami Shipbuilding Company. In addition, the Canadian Power Boat Company produced five Scott-Paine designed PTs for the U.S., which were also sent as Lend Lease to the UK.   from wikipedia

Price: $135.00

Product Code: PatchUSN.MTBron17.MotorTorpedoBoatSQ17
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