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WWII Patch, Royal Navy RN HMS Illustrious Donald Duck

WWII Patch, Royal Navy RN HMS Illustrious  Donald Duck

Product Information
WWII Royal Navy (RN) HMS Illustrious Squadron Patch
Royal Navy HMS Illustrious (87)
Taranto, Mediterranean, Malta Convoys, Diego Suarez, Salerno, Sabang, Palembang, Okinawa
Walt Disney Design - Donald Duck
5 3/8 inches

HMS Illustrious (87), the fourth Illustrious of the British Royal Navy, was an aircraft carrier which saw service in World War II, the lead ship of the Illustrious-class of carriers which also included Victorious, Formidable, and Indomitable. The fourth HMS Illustrious (R87) was an Illustrious class aircraft carrier  commissioned in 1940. In the same year she became the first carrier to strike against an enemy fleet, and was in service until 1954.

Illustrious was built by Vickers-Armstrongs at Barrow-in-Furness, launched in 1939, and commissioned in 16 April 1940. She displaced 28,000 tons and had the capability to carry up to 57 aircraft including about 33 to 36 in her armored hanger (depending on type). Illustrious's aircraft capacity was less than the preceding Ark Royal and less than the subsequent Indomitable and Implacable class carriers. The heavily armored hanger was smaller than on Ark Royal, but after her flight deck round-downs were removed during refits and she began using a permanent deck park, her aircraft capacity was greatly increased.
She was nicknamed "Lusty" by the men who served in her.  Motto: Vox Non Incerta = "No Uncertain Sound"

Illustrious joined the fleet in August 1940. Her first assignment was in the Mediterranean, where she was used to provide convoy cover, perform anti-shipping strikes, and raid positions in North Africa.

On 31 August, she was used to launch a strike against airfields at Maritza. On 11 November 1940, she became the first carrier in history to launch a major strike against an enemy fleet in a daring attack against the Italian fleet at Taranto. Twenty-one aircraft from Numbers 813, 815, 819, and 824 Squadrons based on Illustrious attacked the Italian fleet at night. The Italians were caught off-guard, and one battleship was sunk and two were heavily damaged.

On 10 January 1941, Illustrious was attacked while escorting a convoy east of Sicily by Axis Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 and Ju-87 Stuka bombers, being hit by six bombs and suffering extensive damage, destroying her sick bay and ward room, and killing amongst others the England rugby player W. G. E. Luddington. While in Malta receiving repairs for her battle damage she was again bombed, which along with hits received on Jan 10, led to some flooding of her outer hull compartments and minor listing, but all her machinery spaces remain intact. On 23 January she sailed to Alexandria, Egypt for temporary repairs, arriving at noon on 25 January, and then sailed to Virginia for permanent repairs at the safer Norfolk Navy Yard. One propeller shaft had to be cut away and her speed fell to 23 knots.

She returned to service in May 1942, and was immediately dispatched to the Indian Ocean. Later in May, Illustrious and her sister ship Indomitable participated in Operation Ironclad, covering the landings at Diego Suarez in Vichy French controlled Madagascar. In 1943, she returned to the Mediterranean, for operations with Force H, based at the British territory of Gibraltar. She was used to help cover the Allied landings in Sicily in September 1943.

In 1944, she joined the Eastern Fleet, where she participated in raids on the Indonesian islands of Sabang on 22 July 1944 and Palembang on 24 January and 29 January 1945. After this, Illustrious put into Fremantle, Australia, for rest and re-supply. She then sailed with the rest of the British Pacific Fleet on 4 March to Manus, and from there sailed on 19 March to Ulithi. Later in 1945, as part of the British Pacific Fleet, designated Task Force 57 by Admiral Nimitz she supported the landings at Okinawa with her sisters Indomitable and Victorious, as well as HMS Indefatigable, and where she won her last battle honour. While in the Pacific, she was hit by two kamikaze aircraft[citation needed]. Her armoured flight deck absorbed the brunt of some hits and enabled her to stay in action. A kamikaze near miss on 6 April, however, caused serious structural damage below the waterline and, after operations against Formosa, she was replaced by her sister, Formidable, on 14 April and sailed to the Philippines for inspection. The damage was more serious than suspected and she returned to Sydney and thence to Rosyth for repairs and refit, which were completed in June 1946.
After the war she was given the role of a training and trials ship, with a speed limited to 22 knots due to accumulated wartime damage. She was refitted and modernized from January to August 1948, decommissioned at the end of 1954, sold on 3 November 1956, and finally scrapped, after a successful career, at Faslane.

Battle honors
    * Taranto 1940
    * Mediterranean 1940-41
    * Malta Convoys 1941
    * Diego Suarez 1942
    * Salerno 1943
    * Sabang 1944
    * Palembang 1945
    * Okinawa 1945

Armament:     (1940) as laid down
16 × QF 4.5 inch naval gun (8 × 2)
48 x QF 2 pounder naval gun (6 × 8)
(1945) post upgrades
16 × QF 4.5 inch naval gun (8 × 2)
40 x QF 2 pounder naval gun (5 × 8)
3 x Bofors 40 mm gun (3 x 1)
38 x Oerlikon 20 mm cannon (19 x 2)

Aircraft carried:    
1940: 15 Fulmar and 18 Swordfish
1945: 36 Corsair and 21 Avenger
1947: Vampires

Distributed by RKO
From wikipedia:

Donald Fauntleroy Duck  is an American cartoon character from The Walt Disney Company. Donald is a white anthropomorphic  duck with a yellow-orange bill, legs, and feet. He usually wears a sailor shirt, cap, and a red bow tie, but no trousers (except when he goes swimming). Donald's most famous personality trait is his easily provoked and explosive temper. Donald Duck has been officially honored as the third most popular cartoon character of all time with Bugs Bunny of Warner Bros. Looney Tunes/Merrie Melodies  at number two and fellow Disney creation Mickey Mouse who is number one.

According to the Disney canon, particularly in the 1942 short Donald Gets Drafted Donald's birthday is officially recognized as June 9, 1934, the day his debut film, The Wise Little Hen, was released. However, in The Three Caballeros (1944), his birthday is given as simply "Friday the 13th", which is in reference to the bad luck he experiences in almost all his cartoon appearances. Donald's Happy Birthday (short) gives his birthday as March 13. The 1942 short "Donald Gets Drafted", as well as the Quack Pack episode "All Hands on Duck", also reveals his full name to be Donald Fauntleroy Duck. Donald Duck is a well-known and very popular character especially in Scandinavian countries.

Wartime Donald

Several of Donald's shorts during the war were propaganda films, most notably Der Fuehrer's Face, released on January 1, 1943. In it, Donald plays a worker in an artillery factory in "Nutzi Land" (Nazi Germany). He struggles with long working hours, very small food rations, and having to salute  every time he sees a picture of the Führer (Adolf Hitler). These pictures appear in many places, such as on the assembly line in which he is screwing in the detonators of various sizes of shells. In the end he becomes little more than a small part in a faceless machine with no choice but to obey until he falls, suffering a nervous breakdown. Then Donald wakes up to find that his experience was in fact a nightmare. At the end of the short Donald looks to the Statue of Liberty  and the American flag with renewed appreciation. Der Fuehrer's Face won the 1942 Academy Award for Animated Short Film. Der Fuehrer's Face also the first of two animated short film which setting during the War to won the Oscar, the other was Tom & Jerry's short film, The Yankee Doodle Mouse. Other notable shorts from this period include the Army shorts, seven films that follow Donald's life in the US Army from his drafting to his life in basic training under sergeant Pete  to his first actual mission as a commando having to sabotage a Japanese  air base. Titles in the series include:

  • Donald Gets Drafted – (May 1, 1942).
  • The Vanishing Private – (September 25, 1942).
  • Sky Trooper – (November 8, 1942).
  • Fall Out Fall In – (April 23, 1943).
  • The Old Army Game – (November 5, 1943).
  • Home Defense – (November 26, 1943).
  • Commando Duck – (June 2, 1944).
Donald Gets Drafted also featured Donald having a physical examination before joining the army. According to it Donald has flat feet and is unable to distinguish between the colors green and blue, which is a type of color blindness. Also in this cartoon sergeant Pete comments on Donald's lack of discipline.

It is also noteworthy that thanks to these films, Donald graced the nose artwork of virtually every type of WWII Allied combat aircraft, from the L-4 Grasshopper to the B-29 Superfortress.

Donald also appears as a mascot—such as in the Army Air Corps 309th Fighter Squadron and the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary, which showed Donald as a fierce-looking pirate ready to defend the American coast from invaders. Donald also appeared as a mascot emblem for: 415th Fighter Squadron; 438th Fighter Squadron; 479th Bombardment Squadron; 531st Bombardment Squadron.

During World War II, Disney cartoons were not allowed to be imported into Occupied Europe. Since this cost Disney a lot of money, he decided to create a new audience for his films in South America. He decided to make a trip through various Latin American countries with his assistants, and use their experiences and impressions to create two feature length animation films. The first was Saludos Amigos, which consisted of four short segments, two of them with Donald Duck. In the first, he meets his parrot pal Jose Carioca. The second film was The Three Caballeros, in which he meets his rooster friend Panchito.

Price: $125.00

Product Code: PatchX.RN.HMSIllustrious
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