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WWII Patch, AAF, AAF Navigation School, Selman Army Air Field, Monroe, LA #3

WWII Patch, AAF, AAF Navigation School, Selman Army Air Field, Monroe, LA #3

Product Information
WWII US Army Air Force Squadron Patch #3
US AAF USAAF  Navigation / Navigator School, Selman Army Air Field, Monroe, LA
Looney Tunes Design - Daffy Duck
5.75 inches


Training future Navigators for Bomb Bombing Bomber Bombardment squadrons.

During World War II, the United States Army Air Force (USAAF) established numerous airfields in Louisiana for antisubmarine defense in the Gulf of Mexico and for training pilots and aircrews of USAAF fighters and bombers. Most of these airfields were under the command of Third Air Force or the Army Air Forces Training Command (AAFTC) (A predecessor of the current-day United States Air Force Air Education and Training Command). In addition, the Air Technical Service Command (ATSC) commanded a significant number of airfields in a support roles. It is still possible to find remnants of these wartime airfields. Many were converted into municipal airports, some were returned to agriculture and several were retained as United States Air Force installations and were front-line bases during the Cold War. Hundreds of the temporary buildings that were used survive today, and are being used for other purposes.

Army Air Forces Training Command
  AAF Southeast Training Center
     Selman Army Airfield, Monroe (Now: Monroe Regional Airport)
          329th Army Air Force Base Unit


During World War II, the Army Air Corps, later known as the Army Air Forces, operated a navigation training school in Monroe at Selman Field. Within three months, the field was a full fledged military establishment, consisting of the pre-flight school (bombardier-navigator) and the advanced navigator school. Selman Field continued to grow in size and stature and became the nations largest navigation training school during World War II.

History
During World War II, the United States Army Air Force Flying Training Command used the airport as a cadet training center beginning in August 1942.

The airport was named Selman Army Airfield, named after a Navy Pilot, Lieutenant Augustus J. Selman, U.S.N., a native of Monroe, LA, died at Norfolk, VA, on November 28, 1921, of injuries received in an airplane crash in the line of duty

The Army Air Force Pre-Flight School (Bomber-Navigation) transferred to Selman AAF from Maxwell Field, Alabama. The remaining elements of the Advanced Navigation School arrived from Turner Field, Georgia on September 14. Selman Field was the largest navigation school in the United States in its time and the nation's only complete navigation course—from start to finish—during World War II. Of the hundreds of fields that were operated by the Army Air Forces, it was only at Selman that a cadet could get his entire training—pre-flight and advanced—and wind up with a commission and navigators wings without ever leaving the field. Over 15,000 navigators were trained at Selman Field, who flew in every theater of operations during the war.

In May of 1942, Colonel Norris B. Harbold came to Monroe as project officer of the Army Air Forces Navigation School which was to be located at Monroe. The plans were drawn, specifications made, and blueprints approved in the six weeks that followed.

On June 15, the field was activated--given the paper status of a full-fledged military establishment--and Colonel Harbold was named Commanding Officer.

Within three months the post was to be in full operation, with two schools transferred to Monroe and thousands of navigation cadets undergoing the complex and exacting training of their specialty.

On August 8th, the first meal was served on the post in a partly completed mess hall. Forty enlisted men moved out to the post that night and a living military organization began to grow within the gates.

On August 11, a motor convoy from Turner Field, Albany, GA, brought the cadres of the first squadrons of ground troops to the post.

On August 15th, the AAF Pre-Flight School(Bombardier-Navigator), then under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Thomas V. Webb, was transferred to Selman Field from Maxwell Field, AL. The transfer, an example of superb organization, was completed in one day. The day after the arrival of the staff, enlisted men and cadets of the Pre-Flight School, classes were in session in improvised academic halls. The cadets had lost only one day of classes in moving nearly 400 miles--the day spent on the train.

The last elements of the Advanced Navigation School arrived on the night of September 14th, one day less than three months after the activation date. Under the command of Colonel Harbold, a pioneer in the Army Air Forces navigation training program, and later Colonel Earl L. Naiden, a veteran of the classroom and of combat in two wars, the field continued to grow. Thus, Selman Field grew in size and in stature as the nation's only complete school where the curriculum consisted of teaching picked young men how to Navigate.

The vast majority of aircraft flown at Selman AAF were Beech C-45s, also known as the AT-7. BT-13s were flown for basic flying training, and TC-47 and TC-46s were used beginning in late 1944.


The curriculum consisted of teaching young men how to "get 'em there and get 'em back." The cadet had to know all aspects of navigation in order to determine where he was, where he wanted to go and when he would get there. The science of navigation offered four methods of accomplishing this. The first is pilotage or navigating by landmarks, using maps and charts. The second is dead reckoning, which consist of keeping track of how far you have gone and in what direction since you started, using instruments which measure various aspects of the plane in motion, such as speed, deviation, wind drift and so on. The third method is radio navigation which consists of "riding the beam" from one station to another until you progress to where you want to go. The final way to navigate is by celestial bodies. These are immutable, but you must be able to identify them in their different configurations in all quarters of the heavens at all times of the night and day. Armed with the best knowledge and training possible. The navigation cadets graduated and became members of combat crews.

"Zero Zero" was the navigator's ultimate objective. It means navigating through hundreds of thousands of miles of space, clouds rack, wind, and weather and hitting a dime-sized objective "on the nose" at the precise second you said you would hit it on the nose. One inch off is not Zero Zero. It means right on the button, right on time—perfection. The end of the war brought a decrease in the need for navigators. Selman graduated its last class, October 06, 1945. Selman Field met the challenges and demands of WW2 and provided 15,349 navigators during a critical period of our nation's history.

It closed on until 1 September 1945. After that Selman AAF was used as a separation center for returning overseas personnel until being inactivated on 31 May 1946. The airport was returned to civil control on 31 July 1946. It reopened as a satellite field of Barksdale Field, Shreveport, Louisiana. Shortly there after Selman re-opened briefly as a independent base. Selman Field was officially deactivated in 1947. The ownership of the property was transferred to the City of Monroe in September of 1949. Monroe Regional Airport is now a public use airport in Ouachita Parish, Louisiana, United States. The airport is owned by the City of Monroe and is located three nautical miles (6 km) east of its central business district. The airport is advertised as the birthplace of Delta Air Lines; the airport's logo is a variant on the Delta logo.

WASP
SELMAN ARMY AIR FIELD -- MONROE, LOUISIANA
WASP flew AT-10 in engineering test and night navigational training missions.


1102 WASP (Women Airforce Service Pilots) were stationed at 120 air bases and flew 60 million miles in every type military aircraft in the Army Air Force inventory, from the fastest fighters to the heaviest bombers. They towed targets for air-to-air gunnery and air-to-ground anti-aircraft practice, ferried aircraft, were instrument instructors for male pilots, flew weather, night tracking, simulated strafing and radar navigation missions, transported personnel and cargo and flew drones. They flew every type mission that any Army Air Force pilot flew except combat  missions.

Daffy Duck
Daffy Duck is an animated cartoon character in the Warner Brothers Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons, often running the gamut between being the best friend or arch-rival of Bugs Bunny. Daffy was the first of the new breed of "screwball" characters that emerged in the late 1930s to supplant traditional everyman characters, such as Mickey Mouse and Popeye, who were more popular earlier in the decade. Daffy would appear in 129 shorts in the Golden Age, third among Looney Tunes/Merrie Melodies cartoons behind Porky Pig's 152 and Bugs Bunny's 166 appearances. Virtually every Warner Brothers animator put his own spin on the Daffy Duck character, who may be a lunatic vigilante in one short but a greedy gloryhound in another. Bob Clampett and Chuck Jones both made extensive use of these two very different versions of the character.  Daffy was #14 on TV Guide's list of top 50 best cartoon characters, and was featured on one of the issue's two covers as Duck Dodgers with Porky Pig and the Powerpuff Girls (all of which are Time Warner-owned characters)
Origin
Daffy first appeared on April 17, 1937, in Porky's Duck Hunt, directed by Tex Avery and animated by Bob Clampett. The cartoon is a standard hunter/prey pairing for which Leon Schlesinger's studio was famous, but Daffy (barely more than an unnamed bit player in this short) represented something new to moviegoers: an assertive, combative protagonist, completely unrestrainable. As Clampett later recalled, "At that time, audiences weren't accustomed to seeing a cartoon character do these things. And so, when it hit the theaters it was an explosion. People would leave the theaters talking about this daffy duck."
This early Daffy is less anthropomorphic and resembles a "normal" duck. The Mel Blanc voice characterization and the white neck ring contrasting with the black feathers, are about the only aspects of the character that remained consistent through the years. Blanc's characterization of Daffy holds the world record for the longest characterization of one animated character by his or her original actor — 52 years. The origin of Daffy's voice is a matter of some debate. One oft-repeated "official" story is that it was patterned after producer Schlesinger's tendency to lisp. However, in Mel Blanc's autobiography, That's Not All Folks!, he contradicts that conventional belief, writing "It seemed to me that such an extended mandible would hinder his speech, particularly on words containing an s sound. Thus 'despicable' became 'desthpicable'." Daffy's slobbery, exaggerated lisp was developed over time, being barely noticeable in the early cartoons. In Daffy Duck and Egghead, Daffy does not lisp at all, except in the separately drawn set-piece of Daffy singing "The Merry Go Round Broke Down", in which just a slight lisp can be heard.

Daffy 1937-1945
It was Tex Avery who created the original version of Daffy in 1937. Daffy established his status by jumping into the water, hopping around, and yelling, "Woo-hoo! Woo-hoo! Woo-hoo! Hoo-hoo! Woo-hoo!". Animator Bob Clampett immediately seized upon the Daffy Duck character and cast him in a series of cartoons in the 1930s and 1940s. Clampett's Daffy is a wild and zany screwball, perpetually bouncing around the screen with cries of "Hoo-hoo! Hoo-hoo!" (In his autobiography, Mel Blanc stated that the zany demeanor was inspired by Hugh Herbert's catchphrase, which was taken to a wild extreme for Daffy). Clampett physically redesigned the character, making him taller and lankier, and rounding out his feet and bill. He was often paired with Porky Pig. Daffy would also feature in several war-themed shorts during World War II. Daffy always stays true to his unbridled nature, however: for example, attempting to dodge conscription in Draftee Daffy (1945), battling a Nazi goat intent on eating Daffy's scrap metal in Scrap Happy Daffy (1943), and hit the head of Adolf Hitler in Daffy the Commando 1943.

Price: $150.00


Product Code: PatchAAF.0000.NavigationSchool.SelmanArmyAirField.MonroeLA.3
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