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Location: /Squadron Patches/Army Air Force Squadrons/AAF units #'d 300-399

WWII, Patch, AAF, 307BG, 13AF, So. Pacific

WWII, Patch, AAF, 307BG, 13AF, So. Pacific

Product Information
WWII US Army Air Force Squadron Patch
US AAF 
307th Bomb Group, 13th AFF
USAAF   307 BG, 13AF
307th Bombardment Group, Thirteenth AF
South Pacific
4.25 x 5 inches

Bomb Bombing Bomber Bombardment Squadrons, Group Groups.


The 307th Bomb Group was part of the 13th Air Force and consisted of the 370th, 371st, 372nd, and 424th Squadrons. The group was known as the "The Long Rangers" due to their long missions over long open stretches of the Pacific including missions to Truk, Yap, Palau, Philippines and Balikpapan, Borneo (the unescorted mission against vital oil refineries at Balikpapan, Borneo - the Ploesti raid of the Pacific war). Some of the missions were over 17 hour unescorted round trips over open water with no landmarks. However, the 307th Bomb Group never received the press, fame and accolades that were piled on the bomb groups in Europe due to their remote theater of operation and the fact that many of their missions were controlled by the Navy. While in the Pacific, the 307th was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, one for an air strike against Truk on March 29, 1944 and another for a strike against the refineries at Borneo on October 3, 1944. The group was also awarded the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for its active role in the Philippines campaign.

History
Activated on 15 April 1942. Trained and flew patrols off the West Coast, first in B-17's and later in B-24's. Moved to Hawaii, October-November 1942, and assigned to Seventh AF. Trained and flew patrol and search missions. Attacked Wake Island, December 1942-January 1943, by staging through Midway.

Moved to Guadalcanal in February 1943 and assigned to Thirteenth AF. Served in combat, primarily in the South and Southwest Pacific, until the war ended. Attacked Japanese airfields, installations, and shipping in the Solomons and Bismarcks. Helped to neutralize enemy bases on Yap and in the Truk and Palau Islands. Received a DUC for an unescorted, daylight attack on heavily defended airfields in the Truk Islands on 29 March 1944. Supported operations in the Philippines by striking Japanese shipping in the southern Philippines and by bombing airfields on Leyte, Luzon, Negros, Ceram, and Halmahera. Also took part in Allied air operations against the Netherlands Indies by hitting airfields, shipping, and installations.

Received a DUC for an unescorted mission against vital oil refineries at Balikpapan, Borneo, on 3 October 1944. Supported Australian forces on Borneo and bombed targets in French Indochina during the last three months of the war.

Flew patrol missions along the Asiatic mainland and ferried liberated prisoners from Okinawa to Manila after V-J Day. Returned to the US, December 1945-January 1946. Inactivated on 18 January 1946.
  Redesignated 307th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy). Activated on 4 August 1946. Assigned to Strategic Air Command. Equipped with B-29's. Trained and developed antisubmarine tactics. Redesignated 307th Bombardment Group (Medium) in May 1948. Based temporarily on Okinawa and attached to Far East Air Forces for operations during the Korean War. Attacked strategic objectives in North Korea, August-September 1950. After that, struck interdictory targets, including communications and supply centers, and supported UN ground forces by hitting gun emplacements and troop concentrations. Became non-operational when parent wing adopted Tri-Deputate organization, 10 February 1951 and all assigned squadrons were attached directly to the wing. Inactivated 16 June 1952 Reactivated in 1977 as a KC-135 Air Refueling group at Travis AFB, California. Inactivated in 1983 due to a SAC force structure realignment.

Lineage

    * Constituted as 307th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 January 1942
    Activated on 15 April 1942
    Inactivated on 18 January 1946


Assignments
    * II Bomber Command, 15 April 1942
    * VII Bomber Command, 1 November 1942
    * XIII Bomber Command, February 1943 - December 1945
    * Army Service Forces, 16–18 January 1946
    * Fifteenth Air Force, 4 August 1946


Components
    * 370th Bombardment Squadron: 15 April 1942 - 8 January 1946;
    * 371st Bombardment Squadron: 15 April 1942 - 8 January 1946;
    * 372d Bombardment Squadron: 15 April 1942 - December 1945;
    * 424th Bombardment Squadron: 15 April 1942 - December 1945


Stations

    * Geiger Field, Washington, 15 April 1942
    * Epharata Army Air Base, Washington 28 May 1942
    * Sioux City Army Air Base, Iowa, 30 September - 20 October 1942
    * Hickam Field, Hawaii (Territory), 1 November 1942
    * Koli Airfield, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, February 1943
    * Munda Airfield, New Georgia, Solomon Islands, 28 January 1944
    * Momote Airfield, Los Negros, Admiralty Islands, C. 29 April 1944
    * Wakde Airfield, Wakde, Netherlands East Indies, 24 August 1944
    * Wama Airfield, Morotai, Netherlands East Indies, c. 18 October 1944
    * Clark Field, Luzon, Philippines, September - December 1945
    * Camp Stoneman, California, 16–18 January 1946
    * MacDill Field (Later AFB), Florida, 4 August 1946 - 16 June 1952
       Operated from Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, 8 August 1950 - 9 February 1951


Aircraft
    * B-17 Flying Fortress, 1942
    * B-24 Liberator, 1942–1946
    * B-29 Superfortress, 1946–1951


World War II Campaigns
    * Central Pacific
    * Guadalcanal
    * New Guinea
    * Northern Solomons
    * Eastern Mandates
    * Bismarck Archipelago
    * Western Pacific
    * Leyte
    * Luzon
    * Southern Philippines

Decorations
    * Distinguished Unit Citation: Truk, 29 Mar 1944;
    * Distinguished Unit Citation: Borneo 3 Oct 1944.
    * Philippine Presidential Unit Citation.

Price: $135.00


Product Code: PatchAAF.0307.307BG.SoPacific
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